7 Least Populated Countries in the World 

Based on estimates by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division as of 2024 

Vatican City   Population: 827  

Vatican City  

Vatican City is an independent city-state enclaved within Rome, Italy. The Holy See, the governing body of the Catholic Church, is located here. Its small population consists mainly of the Pope, cardinals, Swiss Guards, and other residents who work or serve there.

Nauru  Population: 10,823   


 Nauru is a tiny island nation in Micronesia, northeast of Australia. Phosphate mining has significantly impacted the island's landscape and environment. Despite its small population, Nauru is a member of the United Nations.

Tuvalu  Population: 11,672  


 Tuvalu is a Polynesian island nation located north of Fiji in the Pacific Ocean. With its low elevation, Tuvalu is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change and rising sea levels.

Palau  Population: 18,023  


 Palau is an island nation in Micronesia, consisting of hundreds of islands. It is known for its beautiful rock islands, coral reefs, and marine biodiversity. Tourism is a significant part of Palau's economy.

San Marino  Population: 33,870  

San Marino 

 San Marino is a small, enclaved country surrounded by Italy. It's located on the Apennine Mountains on the Italian Peninsula. San Marino is known for its historical center and well-preserved medieval architecture.

Monaco  Population: 39,013  


 Monaco is a sovereign city-state located on the French Riviera close to Nice. It's known for being a playground for the rich and famous, with its luxurious casinos and yachting scene.

Liechtenstein  Population: 38,038  


 Liechtenstein is a small, landlocked country nestled in the Alps between Austria and Switzerland. It's known for its beautiful mountain scenery, castles, and financial services industry.